自二○一四年六月以來,以美國為首的聯軍對敘利亞與伊拉克境內的激進組織「伊斯蘭國」(IS)展開了一連串軍事行動,而為了加大打擊力量,美國已決定利用網路攻擊來對付IS。

紐約時報報導,美國首度指示其成立六年的網路作戰司令部,對IS發動網路攻擊。

專精於電子監控的美國國家安全局,多年來一直在嚴密監聽IS分子,但網路作戰司令部主要聚焦於經常對美國進行網路攻擊的國家,如俄羅斯、中國大陸、伊朗以及北韓,對IS這個全球最危險恐怖組織幾乎未做出任何行動。

對抗IS是歐巴馬廿五日在漢諾威首腦峰會上,與英法義德四國領袖共同討論的議題。在眾多作為中,網路攻擊是最新的行動。

網路攻擊是許多國家官員很少詳細討論的議題,其成敗也最難從外部進行評估。

美國網攻IS,目標是破壞該組織散播訊息、吸引新成員、發布命令等行動,並癱瘓其發放薪水等日常運作能力。

美國官員指出,政府罕見公開討論這項行動,用意之一是讓IS指揮官緊張。若他們開始擔心自身與組織間的通訊安全,他們招兵買馬的行動也可被阻止。

官員們還說,除了用炸彈空襲IS金庫外,美國也可利用網路攻擊干擾IS的轉帳與誤導付款。

美國國防部長卡特曾公開討論這項新任務,但只有大略說明,而副部長沃克本月則生動地描述這項行動。

沃克說:「我們正在丟網路炸彈。我們以前從未這樣做過。」

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In this image provided by the Belgian Federal Police in Brussels on Tuesday, March 22, 2016 of three men who are suspected of taking part in the attacks at Belgium's Zaventem Airport. The man at

... 較多 In this image provided by the Belgian Federal Police in Brussels on Tuesday, March 22, 2016 of three men who are suspected of taking part in the attacks at Belgium's Zaventem Airport. The man at right is still being sought by the police and two others in the photo that the police issued were according to a the Belgian Prosecutors 'probably' suicide bombers. Bombs exploded at the Brussels airport and one of the city's metro stations Tuesday, killing and wounding scores of people, as a European capital was again locked down amid heightened security threats. (Belgian Federal Police via AP)

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2016年3月28日週一 台北標準時間下午6時43分





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